HISTORY

Folkloric medical applications (veterinary ethnopharmacology) were thought unofficially before the scientific-methologic teaching with the opening of the first veterinary school established at the Military Veterinary School in Istanbul in 1842 and the lectures were thought by veterinary surgeon Godlewski from Prusia. During these period, pharmacology practical courses were introduced in the pharmacy room in the faculty. Veterinary Surgeon Dubroca was transfered from France with an assisstant named Mehmet Refet from the Military Veterinary School, translating Dubroca’s lectures. Mehmet Refet had translated many books concerning pharmacology and internal medicine. Later in 1849, the first civilian Veterinary School was founded. Along with the transfer of European veterinary proffesors along with European educated Turkish proffesors to the Military and Civil Veterinary Schools, veterinary pharmacology education enhanced rapidly. Thus, the first regulating animal health issues were published in 1860 with the introduction of veterinary medicinal products in related official documents as well as journals. During this period Minas Bey with Osman Manas Bey has completed the translation of “Veterinary Treatment- Müfredat-ı Tıb, Tedavi-i Emraz ve Fenn-i İspençiyare-i Baytari” in two volumes.. In 20th century, military organization were entrusted with the stocking, storage and handling of veterinary drugs. Later with the formation of Turkish Republic, increase in veterinary pharmacology publications were observed (Civelekoglu-1926-Distofajin for Trematod Treatment). In 1905 Commander Nuri was assigned to give pharmacology lectures in Medical Faculty due to the inadequate physical conditions of the veterinary school.Soon after 1908, programs of the veterinary schools were reorganized, where Fazlı Faik Yegul (who had completed his education in Europe) in 1911 as a chemist was assigned to give the lectures in Medical Chemistry and Toxicology. Prof. Yegul had published the book”Toxicologia” in 1931. In 1933, Higher Agricultural Institute (HAI) was founded in Ankara. In the previous periods, pharmacology and toxicology lectures was given by Institute of Internal Medicine . Until 1938, “Medical Curriculum and Toxicology I-II” course was given by Prof.Gebhart and “Prescription Methodology” course was given by Assoc.Prof. Samoel. In 1938 pharmacology was conjoined by the Institute of Physiology and the pharmacology lectures were given by Prof. Hassko. In 1939, an independant Pharmacology and Toxicology Institute was formated and the lectures were given by Fazlı Faik Yegul, Selahattin Nejat Yalkı, Nurettin Mazhar Oktel and Laboratory Technician Atıf Bey. HAI was connected to Ankara University, within the establishment in 1948 where Nurettin Mazhar Oktel, Sahin Akman and Mustafa Guley were assigned to the Pharmacology and Toxicology Institute in the University as Prof. Fazlı Fail Yegul as the head. In 1952, within the formation of departments in the institutes, Pharmacology and Toxicology Chair was founded. In 1981 Chair system was converted into the departmental system and Pharmacology and Toxicology Section was founded under the Department of Internal Medicine and Pharmacology. Yet latest,1988 Pharmacology and Toxicology Department was officially introduced in Ankara University as being the first veterinary medical faculty.

ABOUT PHARMACOLOGY and TOXICOLOGY DEPARTMENT

Today 10 academic staff (5 professors, 2 associated professor, 2 research asisistants) carry out academic activities in the department. Besides to those, 2 admistrative personnel officiate. Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology includes one teoritical class with 125 students capacity, one laboratory for practical lecture, galanic pharmacy laboratory, chemical storage unit and four laboratory

The under graduate lectures are Medical Botany, Paharmacology I, Pharmacology II, Toxicology and Protecting Enviroment, Nuclear, biological and chemical guns and residue animal product.

 Besides these, Pharmacology and Toxicology Dept. also master and doctorate programme for graduate student.

Laboratories in the Department serve routine analysis as indicated in the web for the Central Diagnostic Laboratory of The Animal Hospital in the Faculty. Academicians in the Department also consults private sector and governmental bodies incase requested.