World’s sciences can be generally classified into three groups as Social Sciences, Life Sciences and Health Sciences. The profession of veterinary medicine takes place in Health Sciences category with medicine, dentistry and pharmacy professions. The group of these professions are called as “Paramedical Professions” in Health Sciences field. Occupations in this group can be likened to rings of a chain. Because these professions serve human or animal health, they also have scientific-technical communication and interaction among themselves.
Although the profession of veterinary medicine took place among the paramedical professions until the 1980s, with the developing technology in 1980s, especially with the use of technology together with biology, it started to be evaluated in the new profession group called “Biomedical Occupations”. This group was formed by adding occupations such as Biology, Chemical Engineering, Physics Engineering in addition to paramedical professions.
Veterinary medicine is generally compared with human medicine. There are differences as well as some similarities between these two professions. For example, while education is given for “human” as the only single living species in human medicine training; comparative education is applied to various animal species such as cat, dog, bird, sheep, goat, cow, horse, pig, reptile, fish, bee and acarid in veterinary medicine.
In human medicine, while only “human health” is in the foreground; veterinary medicine includes various services for “animal health” in general; preventive medicine, herd health, public health and food safety in particular. Besides, in human medicine, as the subject is limited only to “human”; the subject of veterinary medicine is both “animal” and “human”. Because veterinarians do not only diagnose and treat animal diseases but also work to improve breeding and productivity of animals. Animals as the main material of the veterinary profession also consist of the main material of industry and technology. Therefore, veterinarians provide an important contribution to the national economy as well as health care services. A veterinarian plays a vital role in the process of milk to cheese, yogurt, ayran, kefir and other products; meat to pastrami, sausage, salami and their provision to the human consumption. The services of veterinarians are not limited only to meat and milk products. For example, poultry meat and eggs, honey of bees, aquatic products, wool and skin of ruminant animals are also served to the humanity as various products of animals which are the main material of veterinarians. In addition to all these products, the vigilant service provided by veterinarians to present a healthy environment for wild animals living in nature and pet animals living with us should not be overlooked.
There is a great need for veterinarians because of the use of animals in the pharmaceutical industry, cosmetics products, technological researches and health sciences researches. It is again the task, authority and responsibility of veterinarians to ensure that these investigations can be carried out without the use of any animals, if the animal is to be used, they are least harmed and that they are provided with natural conditions, welfare.
In this respect, veterinarians, who serve both animals and humans as well as humanity, are defined as “the only occupation that has the same value, quality and service in the field of health and agriculture”.